Final Report: Legal-Institutional Instruments for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in the Mediterranean
Rachelle Alterman, Cygal Pellach, Dafna Carmon, Na’ama Teschner andRaanan Boral, 2016 (175 page)
The Mediterranean Sea, which the ancient Romans called Mare Nostrum, is a precious common resource for the 22 countries located along its shores. These countries share common challenges; anthropogenic forces, strong development pressures for infrastructure, tourism and housing, and vulnerability to hazards related to climate change, including sea-level rise and environmental degradation.
Starting with the adoption of the Barcelona Convention in the 1970s, the international community has pursued numerous attempts to address the growing threats to the health of the Mediterranean. The ICZM (Integrated Coastal Zone Management) Protocol was adopted by most Mediterranean countries in Barcelona in 2008. It is a unique international treaty especially formed to protect an international sea.
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